Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 25th Nov 2020, 10th National Science Film Festival 2020 | UPSC, COVID-19 and Public Health Expenditure | UPSC, Explained : RBI’s Moratorium on Banks | UPSC, Mains Answer Writing Practice Caravan | 24th Nov 2020, Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 24th Nov 2020. Welcome to UPSC Current Affairs, your number one source for all the ready-to-grasp newspaper content. Thousands of people were evacuated from the nearby villages NOTES […] Joe Biden was recently elected the 46th President of the United States. In these times of unprecedented change, advancement in science and technology has become an important determinant in India’s transformation into a self-reliant global power. Amaravati (Andhra Pradesh): The High Power Committee formed to probe the Vizag gas leak incident submitted a 4,000-page report to Chief Minister YS Jagan Mohan Reddy.The Committee, in its report, said that the "accident occurred due to uncontrolled Styrene vapour release from the M6 tank, that qualifies as a major accident as per the definition under MSIHC rules" the Styrene started vaporising and escaped. Resource mobilisation is a critical function in any economy for ensuring basic facilities to its citizens, and for sustainable growth. These directions came after the green panel took suo motu cognisance of the Vizag styrene gas leak incident. [General Studies paper 2 and 3 of UPSC Mains]. Final Lap : COVID-19 Vaccine Race | Who will get it first? This Vizag industrial unit manufactures general-purpose polystyrene and high-impact polystyrene, expandable polystyrene, and engineering plastics compounds. Even though the unit was initially set up away from settlement, over the years the city has engulfed the industrial complex. DETAILS Styrene gas from the LG Polymer plant has leaked and spread over a radius of about three kilometres (covering around 5 villages) near Visakhapatnam At least 800 people were reportedly admitted to hospital. It could also lead to leukemia cancer and depression in some cases. Vizag gas leak. You have successfully subscribed to the newsletter. Long-term exposure of Styrene can drastically affect the central nervous system (CNS) and lead to other neurological problems like peripheral neuropathy. After the Bhopal disaster, many legislations were enacted starting from the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 to the Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991. NASA made the discovery using the SOFIA flying observatory. Much like the infamous Bhopal Gas Tragedy of 1984, a deadly industrial chemical disaster in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh has resulted in destruction of human and animal life in Visakhapatnam in May 2020. Raising resources through variety of taxes has been a tool used by governments all over the world for centuries. The Styrene monomer is a flammable liquid that is used in –. Heres a roundup of what happened and the issues surrounding this Visakhapatnam Gas Leak Accident. This is called auto-polymerisation. The temperature has to be continuously monitored, as any exposure to light or heat may result in polymerisation. The first 1,000 days of human existence are an amazing journey. The Niti Aayog has released a draft model Act and rules for States for regulation on conclusive land titling. At the time of the Bhopal gas tragedy, the Indian Penal Code (IPC) was the only relevant law specifying criminal liability for such incidents. The gas that leaked from a chemical factory on the outskirts of Visakhapatnam, leaving at least 11 dead and sending hundreds to hospital, is called styrene. Such Industrial Tragedies are a result of lack of systemic accountability. The Prime Minister (PM) delivered inaugural address at 4th India Energy Forum CERAWeek through video conference. Styrene is a volatile and a mucous membrane irritant organic gas which is used extensively in plastics and synthetic rubber industries. As it gets sensationalized every year during this period, the emphasis seems to be on instant solutions. 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The storage requirement of styrene monomer strictly mentions that it has to be below 17 degrees Celsius. The gas leaked from a tank when officials were preparing to reopen the factory that was shut for 44 days due to the lockdown. The Vizag Gas Leak was an industrial accident that occurred at a chemical plant in R. R. Venkatapuram village near Gopalapatnam on the outskirts of Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh on the early morning of 7 May 2020. India has successfully launched its latest Earth Observation Satellite EOS-01 and nine customer satellites. There was 1,800 tonnes of styrene stored in a tank of capacity 2,400 tonnes. Before the appointment, he has been serving as an Information Commissioner (IC) in the Central Information Commission since January 1, 2019. Acute (short-term) exposure to styrene in humans results in mucous membrane, eye irritation and gastro-intestinal effects. Context: Recently, there was a leak of a toxic chemical, Styrene, near Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. IASbhai will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing. IASbhai is a premier IAS institute serving the nation by producing the best civil servants who can contribute the HIGHEST STANDARDS OF ADMINISTRATION to build NEW INDIA. National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), About the Intermediate- Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty : recent developments, Prime Minister’s Research Fellowship (PMRF) scheme. The Union Cabinet has approved the Phase II and Phase III of Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) to improve the safety and operational performance of 736 dams in 19 states. It affects the mucous membrane that is mainly affected by exposure to styrene gas. As the styrene was stagnant for 44 days, some gas accumulated at the ceiling of the storage tank and its temperature rose beyond the specified 20°C. The first phase of auction of coal blocks for commercial use witnessed conservative bidding (bids were not very high) from industry players. We’re dedicated to giving you the very best of the fruitful summary, with a focus on current affairs, only useful information, and of course, time saving information excerpts from daily newspaper articles. ; This caused a pressure build-up in the storage chamber that contained styrene and caused the valve to break, resulting in the gas leakage. Please try again. It is located at RRV Puram, 15 km from Visakhapatnam city. The gas leaked from a tank when officials were preparing to reopen the … The symptoms of Styrene exposure are –. Be the first to rate this post. Styrene gas has to be stored under 20°C to keep it stable. It has killed several people and left thousands sick. According to US space agency NASA, our Milky Way galaxy is filled with 300 million potentially habitable planets. This organic compound with the formula C8H8, is used for synthesis of polystyrene (C8H8)n. Styrene is classified as a toxic and hazardous chemical in India according to The Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules, 1989. NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) has confirmed the presence of water on the moon’s sunlit surface for the first time. The gas that leaked from a chemical factory on the outskirts of Visakhapatnam, leaving at least 11 dead and sending hundreds to hospital, is called styrene. Vizag gas leak incident: What is styrene gas? As per the US-based Environment Protection Agency (EPA), short-term exposure to the substance can result in. After the Bhopal gas tragedy 1984, much legislation was enacted. Styrene — an organic compound used in the production of polymers, plastics and resins — is manufactured in petrochemical refineries. The Vizag Gas Leak will remain an important topic for [General Studies paper 2 and 3 of UPSC Mains]. This has also raised questions about unplanned urbanisation in Indian cities. For PRELIMS its important to know this chemical and its usage .