Commercial avocado production is limited to a small fraction of the vast genetic diversity in the species. The plant was introduced to Spain in 1601, Indonesia around 1750, Mauritius in 1780, Brazil in 1809, the United States mainland in 1825, South Africa and Australia in the late 19th century, and the Ottoman Empire in 1908. In Sri Lanka, their well-ripened flesh, thoroughly mashed or pureed with milk and kitul treacle (a liquid jaggery made from the sap of the inflorescence of jaggery palms), is a common dessert. When even a mild frost occurs, premature fruit drop may occur, although the 'Hass' cultivar can tolerate temperatures down to −1 °C. This guide will cover the best In the Philippines, Brazil, Indonesia, Vietnam, and southern India (especially the coastal Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka region), avocados are frequently used for milkshakes and occasionally added to ice cream and other desserts. Here are common names of Avocado: PERSEA americana 'Reed'( Guatemalan Strain), Mexican Avocado and Northstar Tart Cherry. The subtropical species needs a climate without frost and with little wind. [70] They are sold both dried and fresh, toasted before use, and either crumbled or used whole, commonly in bean dishes. Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. [46][47] Fallbrook, California, claims, without official recognition, the title of "Avocado Capital of the World" (also claimed by the town of Uruapan in Mexico[48]), and both Fallbrook and Carpinteria, California, host annual avocado festivals. An immunoglobulin E–mediated inflammatory mechanism has been shown to similarly produce an allergic reaction to latex, bananas, and avocados.43, 44, Poisoning in grazing animals that have ingested avocado has been reported, and this toxicity also has been observed in other species, including fish and birds.1, 45 Cardiotoxicity to isolated cadiomyocytes by acetogenins in the seed extract have been shown in vitro.46 However, avocado seed extract has not been shown to possess genotoxic properties, or mutagenicity in mice erythrocytes.47 Genotoxicity has been demonstrated within human lymphocytes in vitro by methanol extracts of the avocado fruit and leaf.48. The avocado sheds many leaves in early spring. He did not describe the fruit but the tree and called it “the avocado or alligator pear-tree, which grows in gardens and fields throughout Jamaica.” This is often done by removing the pit from a ripe, unrefrigerated avocado fruit. The leaves of the Mexican avocado have been reported to contain approximately 3% of an essential oil primarily composed of estragole and anethole.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, Several of the unsaturated oxygenated aliphatic compounds in the fruit pulp and seed have been shown to possess strong in vitro activity against gram-positive bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus. [42], Mexico is by far the world's largest avocado growing country, producing several times more than the second largest producer. Panicles of flowers with deciduous bracts arise from new growth or the axils of leaves. There are some reasons to think that the fruit, with its mildly toxic pit, may have coevolved with Pleistocene megafauna to be swallowed whole and excreted in their dung, ready to sprout. It develops over time, according to use, look, and lore. Avocados that fall off the tree ripen on the ground. Avocados in savory dishes, often seen as exotic, are a relative novelty in Portuguese-speaking countries, such as Brazil, where the traditional preparation is mashed with sugar and lime, and eaten as a dessert or snack. Cook, Robert E. "Attractions of the flesh." The common name of this plant in Spanish is Aguacate. [12] There is evidence for avocado use at Norte Chico civilization sites in Peru by at least 3,200 years ago and at Caballo Muerto in Peru from around 3,800 to 4,500 years ago. Persea americana Mill. High winds reduce the humidity, dehydrate the flowers, and affect pollination.